Citing the ISC Bulletin

Data retrieved from the ISC Bulletin should always be cited. This includes use by academic or commercial organisations, as well as by individuals.

Please cite both the ISC products and the relevant scientific articles that describe the procedures used to create this product.

The product citation:

International Seismological Centre, On-line Bulletin,, Internatl. Seismol. Cent., Thatcham, United Kingdom, 20XX,

The procedures used for producing the ISC Bulletin have been described in a number of scientific articles. Depending on the use of the Bulletin, users are encouraged to follow the citation suggestions below:

a) For current ISC location procedure:

Bondár, I. and D.A. Storchak (2011). Improved location procedures at the International Seismological Centre, Geophys. J. Int., 186, 1220-1244, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05107.x

b) For Rebuilt ISC Bulletin (currently: 1964-1990):

Storchak, D.A., Harris, J., Brown, L., Lieser, K., Shumba, B., Verney, R., Di Giacomo, D., Korger, E. I. M. (2017). Rebuild of the Bulletin of the International Seismological Centre (ISC), part 1: 1964–1979. Geosci. Lett. (2017) 4: 32. doi: 10.1186/s40562-017-0098-z

c) For principles of the ISC data collection process:

R J Willemann, D A Storchak (2001). Data Collection at the International Seismological Centre, Seis. Res. Lett., 72,, 440-453, doi:

d) For interpretation of magnitudes:

Di Giacomo, D., and D.A. Storchak (2016). A scheme to set preferred magnitudes in the ISC Bulletin, J. Seism., 20(2), 555-567, doi: 10.1007/s10950-015-9543-7

e) For use of source mechanisms:

Lentas, K., Di Giacomo, D., Harris, J., and Storchak, D. A. (2019). The ISC Bulletin as a comprehensive source of earthquake source mechanisms, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 11, 565-578, doi:

Lentas, K. (2018). Towards routine determination of focal mechanisms obtained from first motion P-wave arrivals, Geophys. J. Int., 212(3), 1665–1686. doi: 10.1093/gji/ggx503

f) For use of the original (pre-Rebuild) ISC Bulletin as a historical perspective:

Adams, R.D., Hughes, A.A., and McGregor, D.M. (1982). Analysis procedures at the International Seismological Centre. Phys. Earth Planet. Inter. 30: 85-93, doi: